CITATION: : Maina W. M & Bosire N. (November, 2018). Effects of motivation on leader’s performance in public primary schools in Ruiru sub county Kiambu county Kenya. International Journal of Economics and Finance (IJEF) Issue No XI, Volume 4, pp 212-228.


The research study main objective presented is to evaluate the effect of motivation on the performance of learning institutions taking Ruiru Sub-county Kiambu as a case study .The research cites some theories of motivation, as a prove that there is a need for motivation in all workplaces The research purpose further explain some most effective theories of motivating employees with financial and non-financial as the new technology techniques are implemented in all the department of the institution. The specific objectives are; To examine how “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations goal setting impact the performance of leaders in public primary schools. To investigate how financial incentives/monetary factors affect the performance of leaders in public primary schools and to assess whether recognition and rewards are effective in addressing the needs of leaders in public primary schools. A descriptive research design was used in this study. Descriptive survey is a method of collecting information by interviewing or administering a questionnaire to a sample of individuals. The researcher used both primary and secondary data sources. Once the questionnaires are received they were coded and edited for completeness and consistency. Quantitative data was analyzed by employing descriptive statistics and inferential analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). The study revealed that the government through the Ministry of education used motivational goal-setting to motivate primary school leaders. The study showed that the government through the Ministry of Education allowed primary school leaders to participate in the setting of their goals although they didn‘t have difficult and challenging goals to meet. The study also showed that leaders understood the importance of their goals and had specific, clear and realistic goals to achieve. The study revealed that in as much as the respondents had specific, clear goals that they were allowed to set, the goals in themselves were quite challenging or difficult for them. The study recommends that the government maintains training of leaders so as to support them when handling difficult situations and to address the emerging issues effectively. Additionally, the study recommends that the government includes mentorship and regular training as a way of keeping the workforce motivated and accountable to their goals. The study revealed that the respondents were not satisfied with the financial/monetary needs of the leaders. This study therefore recommends that the government re-evaluates its salary and benefits package as the employees perceive the money they are paid as a direct indication of the value the organization has placed on their services. This can help boost the morale and motivation of the employees and consequently, their performance.

Keywords: :performance, financial and non-financial, motivation and employees.
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