Okwori Adoyi John. BSc, MSc.
Nathan Mutua, BSc, CPA, MBA.
NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY.CITATION: Okwori, A. J. & Mutua, N. (March, 2018). Efficiency and effectiveness of transportation and warehousing in the supply chain process: International Journal of Economics and Finance (IJEF), VOLUME 4 (III), 45 - 58. ISSN 2105 6008.
ABSTRACTWarehousing facilities play a vital role in the overall supply chain process. This article will address “back to the basics” that are fundamental for warehouses to achieve both efficiency and effectiveness in supply chains, and provide some perspective on current challenges and the future. It is evident that continuing globalization and changes/challenges occurring in such areas as reverse logistics, environmental sustainability, information technology, and overall supply chain integration are further evolving the strategies, roles, and responsibilities for warehouses. In fact the term “distribution center” may be much more appropriate in representing the broad range of activities that now occur in modern warehouses that go beyond filling customer orders to provide an ever expanding array of value added services. Transportation is among the more vital economic activities for a business. By moving goods from locations where they are sourced to locations where they are demanded, transportation provides the essential service of linking a company to its suppliers and customers. It is an essential activity in the logistics function, supporting the economic utilities of place and time. Place utility infers that customers have product available where they demand it. Time utility suggests that customers have access to product when they demand it. By working in close collaboration with inventory planners, transportation professionals seek to ensure that the business has product available where and when customers seek it. Keywords": Warehousing, globalization, Transportation, logistics and Supply chain process. View Full PDF Version
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