Africa Nazarene University, Nairobi, Kenya.CITATION: CITATION:Abagaro, G. (April, 2018). Impact of ethnic conflicts on performance of economic activities in Marsabit county, Kenya: International Journal of Economics and Finance (IJEF), VOLUME 4 (II), 76 - 92. ISSN 2105 6008.
ABSTRACTThere have been recurring ethnic conflicts in Marsabit County in the last two decades. This has led to human insecurity and has affected economic development in various ways. This study was conducted in the County of Marsabit. The main objective was to investigate the impact of ethnic conflicts on economic activities in Marsabit County. This was done by surveying the effect of ethnic conflicts on economic activities. The study used a descriptive research design with the target population of 999 and a sample size of 200. The target population constituted business people, cattle traders and cash crop farmers, departmental heads in trade, agriculture, livestock, education, transport and works. The study also included chiefs, elders, town administrators and ordinary citizens (women, youth, the old and disabled). Using purposive sampling technique, questionnaires, key informant interviews and FGD were used as research instruments to collect both quantitative and qualitative data. Using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) program, both descriptive and inferential data analysis were performed. Results of the analysis showed a significant negative relationship between ethnic conflicts and economic activities of Marsabit County. The findings revealed that ethnic conflicts hamper performance economic activities in the county. The study also discovered the different roles played by different age groups in ethnic conflict and those of individuals in the communities with dissimilar education background. According to the findings, ethnic conflict paralyzes businesses in the entire Marsabit County. From the findings, the study recommended that all local administrators and stakeholders should focus on averting any future ethnic conflict as a move to elevate economic status of the County. Keywords": Cash Crop Farming, Ethnic, Ethnic conflict, Economic Activities, Infrastructure and Pastoralism. View Full PDF Version