Abstract This paper deals with the traditional and modern irrigation system in Zandra Village, District Ziarat, in the Province of Baluchistan, Pakistan. Zandra Village is situated 108 km southeast of Quetta, just 12 km short of Ziarat town. This village is famous for apple production. In this article development of irrigation system from traditional to the modern has been discussed. Traditional system includes centuries old karezes and bowaries (wells) which are relatively recent development whereas the modern includes latest tube-wells. Structure and construction of ZandraKarezhave also been discussed in detail. Impact of modern technology has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level. Keywords: Bowaries, core countries, karez, peripheral well, countries, semi-peripheral countries, shaft, tunnels, world’s capitalist economies, development