DR. JOYCE NGINA SIMITU (PhD)
SWISS MANAGEMENT CENTER UNIVERSITY
CITATION: Simitu J.N (Phd), (Jan, 2016). The impact of marginalization to women leadership in Kitui municipality in Kenya: International Journal of Social Sciences & Education. Volume 2 (1), 44-69. ISSN 2105 6008.
Kitui Municipality is a cosmopolitan town with people from different ethnical backgrounds; however, the popular communities are of the Kamba people. Many of them reside in their homes but they do business in this town. People here sell firm produce and retail shops which contribute to the local economy. Businesses are done mainly by women; the majority of them have husbands working in big towns like Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu. The working person sends money home for the families and school fees for the children. Women are left home to look after children and work manually to earn cash to support the family. Ninety-eight percent of the women lead women groups and are not involved in community decision making. This study looked specifically at the impact of marginalization to women leadership in Kitui municipality; the relationship between the impact of marginalization on women in leadership and socio-cultural beliefs, traditions, religion and low level of education in Kitui Municipality; and finally to determine if there is a difference on the level of marginalization of women leaders at the grassroots and the urban centers in Republic of Kenya. This quantitative study used questionnaires, interviews, and made observations on the impact of marginalization of women in leadership within Kitui Municipality. The results yielded that woman marginalization is caused by the traditional beliefs, culture, religion, lack of awareness, and education. The study also found that there is a statistically significant relationship between women marginalization in leadership and socio cultural beliefs, tradition, religion and low education level in Kitui Municipality. However, this study concluded that there is no significant difference on the level of marginalization between the women leadership at the grassroots level and that of urban centers in Republic of Kenya.
Key Words: Kitui, Kenya, marginalization, women in leadership, socio-cultural beliefs, tradition, religion, low level of education, municipality and urban centers.